This summer school is the second issue after the school on "Risk management in Life critical Systems" held on July 2013.
Risk management deals with prevention, decision-making, action taking, crisis management and recovery, taking into account consequences of unexpected events. We are interested in ecological processes, human behavior, as well as control and management of life-critical systems, potentially highly-automated. Our approach is focusing on "human(s) in the loop" systems and simulations, taking advantage of human ability to cope with unexpected dangerous events on one hand, and attempting to recover from human errors and system failures on the other hand. Our competences are developed both in Human-Computer Interaction and Human-Machine System. Interactivity and human-centered automation are our main focuses.
The approach consists in three complementary steps: prevention, where any unexpected event could be blocked or managed before its propagation; recovery, when the event results in an accident, making protective measures mandatory to avoid damages; and possibly after the accident occurs, management of consequences is required to minimize or remove the most severe ones. Global crisis management methods and organizations are considered.
Topics are related to risk management principles, methods and tools, and include (but not limited to):
- Situation Awareness and Impact of new technology
- Reliability enhancement: human errors as well as systemfailures, resilience
- Socio-organizational issues of crisis occurrence
- Cooperative work including human-machine cooperation
- Responsibility and accountability: task and function allocation, authority sharing
- Issues in transport systems: Car, Railways, Aviation
- Issues in civil security: Hospital, rescues
- Issues in protection technologies: swarm of robots, intelli- gent clothes
- Lessons learned for Human-Centered Design